Fulfilling a wide range of packaging requirements in industries such as chemical, pharmaceutical, glue, paint and food processing, cardboard drums are a safe and sanitary method for shipping even small parts. Depending on the intended application and contents of the fiber drums, the drums are made in different amounts of heavy paperboard layers, or fiber materials. They are very sturdy and can hold a great deal of weight in either liquid or solid form.
For heavy duty applications, steel rings can be used to reinforce the top and bottom of the drum and a metal cover can be used in place of a fiber board lid to further decrease any chance of product contamination. Both hazardous and non-hazardous materials can be transported using fiber drums because, as with other steel drums and plastic drums, fiber drums are required to meet certain international shipping standards that make them of high quality.
The benefits for using fiber drums beyond the reduced costs and the possibility of recycling include the lightweight property of paperboard. When compared to the weight of stainless steel and even plastic drums, fiber drums offer a much lighter alternative, and for many shipping purposes, lighter weight materials will result in lower shipping costs.
They are still durable products and many manufacturers will put fiber drums through similarly rugged testing procedures as other types of drums in order to ensure their structural soundness. Unlike other metal drums, there is no danger of fiberboard corroding and therefore it is safe to use for extended periods of storage. A wide choice of drum styles is available in terms of diameters, heights and weight capabilities, and they can typically be custom manufactured to meet certain specifications and requirements.
Many paper drums, especially those used for the storage or transportation of liquid products, or for the storage of sensitive materials, can be lined with a variety of coatings or insoluble materials such as polyethylene, silicone or polyester. In addition to heavy duty steel lids, plastic, wood or fiber can be used to secure the opening of a paper drum.